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  • Eric Jaeger

Sudden Death in Custody: Resources

Updated: Feb 10

Here are links to various important resources related to sudden death in custody. Check back here for additional links and content in the future.

Death in Custody Conference Edition 10.22

(Note: this is a Dropbox link to a PDF file.)

NH Medical Control Board Presentation, Sudden Death in Custody, Sept. 16, 2021

(Note: this is a Dropbox link to the powerpoint file).

Permission is given to use this for any non-commercial training. Please note that I do not have ownership or license to use any of the video clips contained herein, all of which are publicly available.

National Medical Association Policies and Statements:

ACEP (American College of Emergency Physicians) Statement 2009

NAEMSP (National Assoc of EMS Physicians) Statement

APA 2020 Position Statement Regarding “Excited Delirium”

AMA CSAPH Report 2021

AMA Policy 2021

AAEM Revised Statement on Excited Delirium

Ketamine is Safe in the Prehospital Environment TNG Blog Post

Elijah McClain:

Report of the Independent Review Panel that looked into Elijah McClain’s death on behalf of the City of Aurora Colorado.

Attached below is an excerpt from the report containing the conclusions of the ED physician asked to review the actions of EMS

Elijah Report Findings
Download DOCX • 24KB

Minute-To-Minute Breakdown Leading Up To Elijah McClain's Deadly Stop | NBC News NOW

George Floyd:

Testimony of Dr. Martin Tobin, Pulmonologist

Expert Witness Pinpoints Floyd’s Final Breath and Dismisses Talk of Overdose, NYTimes, April 8, 2021

EMS Reporting / Commentary:

Patients in custody and in need of treatment: 8 recommendations for EMS | Page, Wolfberg & Wirth | EMS1 | Sept 2021

Legal analysis: What the paramedic criminal charges in the Elijah McClain case mean for EMS | Page, Wolfberg & Wirth | EMS1 | Sept 2021

News Reporting / Commentary:

Subduing Suspects Face Down Isn’t Fatal, Research Has Said. Now the Research Is on Trial., NYTimes, Oct. 2, 2021

More Than Half of Police Killings Are Mislabeled, New Study Says, NYTimes, Sept. 30, 2021

They Investigate Police Killings. Their Record Is Wanting, NYTimes, Sept. 25, 2021

'Using medication as a weapon': What's the consequence when a paramedic is involved in a deadly police encounter?, USA Today, Sept. 22, 2021

Jurors in Daniel Prude Case Voted Overwhelmingly in Favor of Police, NYTimes, April 16, 2021

Expert Witness Pinpoints Floyd’s Final Breath and Dismisses Talk of Overdose, NYTimes, April 8, 2021

PRONE: Facedown and handcuffed is no way to die, yet it keeps happening over and over again, KARE 11, Nov. 9, 2020

George Floyd is not alone. 'I can’t breathe' uttered by dozens in fatal police holds across U.S., USA Today, June 13, 2020

Excited Delirium dilemma: Explanation or excuse for in-custody deaths?

Handcuffed and facedown: People continue to die like this in police custody

Snopes: What Is ‘Excited Delirium’ and Why Is It Controversial?

Research Studies:

Prone restraint cardiac arrest: A comprehensive review of the scientific literature and an explanation of the physiology, Med Sci Law, Feb. 25, 2021

Other Publications:

Positional Asphyxia—Sudden Death, US DOJ, June 1995

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